In severe manic episodes, a person loses touch with reality. They may become delusional and behave bizarrely. Untreated, an episode of mania can last anywhere from a few days to several months.
Causes Bipolar disorder is a condition that features extreme shifts in mood and fluctuations in energy and activity levels that can make day-to-day living difficult.
Previously known as manic depressionit is a serious mental illness that, if left untreated, can destroy relationships, undermine career prospects, and seriously affect academic performance.
In some cases, it can lead to suicide. Diagnosis most commonly occurs between the ages of 15 and 25 years, but it can happen at any age.
It affects males and females equally. Fast facts on bipolar disorder Here are some key points about bipolar disorder.
More detail is in the main article. Bipolar disorder is a serious condition that involves severe abnormalities in mood.
The person experiences alternating bouts of mania or hypomania and depression, which may involve psychosis. Episodes may last several weeks or months, with periods of stability in between. It can be managed with medication, but it may take some time to find the right dose and combination.
What is bipolar disorder? Bipolar disorder involves many mixed emotions. The main symptoms of bipolar disorder are alternating episodes of extreme euphoria, or mania, and major depression. The fluctuations can be severe, but moods may be normal between the peaks and troughs.
The mood swings involved in bipolar disorder are far more severe, debilitating, and incapacitating than those experienced by most people. Hallucinations and other symptoms may occur in some people. With treatment, many people with the condition can work, study, and live a full and productive life.
However, some people stop taking their medication or choose not to take it. Some studies have shown that people with bipolar disorder may have enhanced creativity. However, mood swings can make it hard to sustain attention to projects or follow through with plans, resulting in the person having a lot of projects started, but nothing finished.
Symptoms Symptoms vary between people, and according to mood. Some people have clear mood swings, with symptoms of mania and then of depression each lasting for several months, or with months of stability between them. Some spend months or years in a "high" or "low" mood.
A "mixed state" is when a manic and a depressive episode happen at the same time. The person may feel negative, as with depression, but they may also feel "wired" and restless. Mania or hypomania Hypomania and mania refer to a "high" mood. Mania is the more severe form.
During a manic episode, a person may engage in risky behavior. A higher libido may lead to promiscuity. Depressive symptoms During a depressive episode, the person may experience: Psychosis can occur in both manic and depressive episodes. The person may be unable to differentiate between fantasy and reality.
They may believe during a "high" that they are famous, or have high-ranking social connections, or that they have special powers. During a depressive episode, they may believe they have committed a crime or that they are ruined and penniless.
Symptoms of psychosis may include delusions, which are false but strongly felt beliefs, and hallucinations, involving hearing or seeing things that are not there. Children and teenagers with bipolar disorder are more likely to have temper tantrums, rapid mood changes, outbursts of aggression, explosive anger, and reckless behavior.
These features must be episodic rather than chronic to receive a diagnosis of bipolar disorder. It is possible to manage all these symptoms with appropriate treatment.Unipolar symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment information for Unipolar (Depression) with alternative diagnoses, full-text book chapters, misdiagnosis, research treatments, prevention, and prognosis.
Learn about symptoms, causes, and treatment. Major depressive disorder is a mood disorder that interferes with daily life. Learn about symptoms, causes, and treatment. Newsletter. A person suffering from major recurrent depression faces the same symptoms as a person with unipolar depression does, ie; feeling unrealistic anxiety, despair, hopelessness, chronic fatigue, irritability, incessant crying, lack of attention and concentration, inability to make decisions,and a general lack of interest towards life.
Causes and 2 Unipolar and bipolar disorders are fairly common and they can have devastating effects to an individual. There has been much study and . The causes of depression are not fully understood but are likely to be a complex combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychosocial factors.
Tests. General symptoms of unipolar depression are as listed above whereas symptoms of mania leads to decay in sexual derive, some kind of agitation, fast speech, aggressive or impulsive behaviour, decrease in sleep and extreme irritability.