These beliefs may guide patients and health care professionals as they seek or provide health care. In an attempt to facilitate understanding of and access to information about these beliefs in our pluralistic and global society, this Scope Note identifies literature by the world's major religious groups on topics relating to bioethics. Topics covered by this Scope Note include general attitudes to health and health care, the physician-patient relationship, treatment refusal, abortion, contraception, sterilization, reproductive technologies, genetics, mental health, human experimentation, organ transplantation and donation, death, euthanasia, suicide, and prolongation of life. Material was not available on all of these topics for each religion.
References and Further Reading 1. Preliminary Distinctions One of the most important issues in biomedical ethics is the controversy surrounding abortion. This controversy has a long history and is still heavily discussed among researchers and the public—both in terms of morality and in terms of legality.
The following basic questions may characterize the subject in more detail: Is abortion morally justifiable? Is the fetus a human person and, thus, should be protected?
What are the criteria for being a person? Is there any morally relevant break along the biological process of development from the unicellular zygote to birth? This list of questions is not meant to be exhaustive, but it describes the issues of the following analysis.
Three Views on Abortion There are three main views: Some opponents anti-abortionists, pro-life activists holding the extreme view, argue that human personhood begins from the unicellular zygote and thus — according to the religious stance — one should not have an abortion by virtue of the imago dei of the human being for example, Schwarz To have an abortion would be, by definition, homicide.
The extreme liberal view is held by proponents abortionists. They claim that human personhood begins immediately after birth or a bit later Singer.
Thus, they consider the relevant date is at birth or a short time later say, one month. The proponents of the moderate views argue that there is a morally relevant break in the biological process of development - from the unicellular zygote to birth - which determines the justifiability and non-justifiability of having an abortion.
According to them, there is a gradual process from being a fetus to being an infant where the fetus is not a human being but a human offspring with a different moral status. The advantage of the extreme conservative view is the fact that it defines human personhood from the beginning of life the unicellular zygote ; there is no slippery slope.
However, it seems implausible to say that the zygote is a human person. The advantage of the extreme liberal view is that its main claim is supported by a common philosophical usage of the notion "personhood" and thus seems more sound than the extreme conservative view because the offspring is far more developed; as the unicellular zygote.
This view also faces severe problems; for example, it is not at all clear where the morally relevant difference is between the fetus five minutes before birth and a just born offspring.
Some moderate views have commonsense plausibility especially when it is argued that there are significant differences between the developmental stages. The fact that they also claim for a break in the biological process, which is morally relevant, seems to be a relapse into old and unjustified habits.The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with approximately billion baptised Catholics worldwide as of As one of the oldest religious institutions in the world, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation.
The church is headed by the Bishop . These norms are called "absolute" because they unconditionally and definitively exclude specific kinds of human actions as morally justifiable objects of choice, and among the absolutes taught by the Magisterium is the norm forbidding direct abortion.
A. AGS Ethics Committee, Physician-Assisted Suicide and Voluntary Active Euthanasia. Journal of American Geriatrics Society, May , 43(5) Religious Perspectives on Bioethics, Part 2.
Laura Jane of gene therapist W. French Anderson and concludes that there are circumstances in which genetic engineering would be morally justifiable and religiously supported.
lawful and unlawful means of dealing with fertility issues, contraception, abortion, euthanasia, application of the. English vocabulary word lists and various games, puzzles and quizzes to help you study them.
Religious Perspectives on Bioethics, Part 2 organ transplantation and donation, death, euthanasia, suicide, and prolongation of life.
Material was not available on all of these topics would be morally justifiable and reli-giously supported. Hauerwas, Stanley. Suffering Pre-.